A Wizard of Earthsea PDF ☆ A Wizard PDF or

A Wizard of Earthsea Here's an odd bit of trivia I had just read Beagle's Last Unicorn this month so it is still very fresh in my mind I agreed with everyone that it was a real classic with so much to love within its pagesAnd yet right after reading A Wizard of Earthsea I'm gonna have to say I think A Wizard of Earthsea is better Not only better but a lot enjoyable fascinating and excitingNot by a lot mind you but enough that I can easily say that this Le Guin's classic is superior I hope this comes across as high praise because that's the intent I love everything about it It's all magic and euilibrium The magic is super impressive and the world of islands is gorgeous But most importantly it's Sparrowhawk that I love This young kid has gone through a lot in his short years and almost all of the hell and shadow is of his own making Bad decisions leading eventually to wisdom and all the while the magic surges and surgesWant a dragon fight? Raising the dead? Awesome shadows underneath the waters? Great discoveries? It's all hereMaybe people just want unicorns I don't know It's not me I want magic that's clear and deep all at the same time with a fundamental message that isn't corny and that's interwoven so deftly within the tale of discovery that the result is always obvious and profoundThis here tale does that Perfectly I love it How come Harry Potter is the publishing sensation of the century and this is only a moderately popular cult novel? Life seems unfair sometimes but I suppose that in a few hundred years it will all have sorted itself out The ending is one of the best I know in any book It is very hard for evil to take hold of the unconsenting soul This seemingly simple statement actually says a lot about the human nature just as all the Ursula Le Guin's books that I've read so far seem to do A Wizard of Earthsea is a simple but beautiful and magical coming of age story of a young wizard Ged who starts out as a brash and cocky boy who in his arrogance unwittingly releases a terrible Shadow upon the world but who eventually grows up and succeeds in embracing the darker part of himself A word of caution if you are expecting a traditional fantasy adventure it is than anything an introspective book so be warned You thought as a boy that a mage is one who can do anything So I thought once So did we all And the truth is that as a man’s real power grows and his knowledge widens ever the way he can follow grows narrower until at last he chooses nothing but does only and wholly what he must do A 1968 book with a non white hero LOVE There are the traditional coming of age fantasy elements wizarding school true friend bitter rival fighting a dragon finding love But there is something that sets this story apart from the newer variations on the similar theme featuring Kvothe and Harry Potter and the like Part of it of course is the narration The story is told in the fairy tale tradition with that particular strangely fascinating lyrical and melodic fairy tale rhythm But mostly is because instead of focusing on what is on the surface the learning and the adventures A Wizard of Earthsea goes straight for the deeper meaning for what lies beneath the surface You must not change one thing one pebble one grain of sand until you know what good and evil will follow on that act The world is in balance in Euilibrium A wizard's power of Changing and Summoning can shake the balance of the world It is dangerous that power It is most perilous It must follow knowledge and serve need To light a candle is to cast a shadow In her amazing brilliance Ursula Le Guin takes what could have been a straightforward tale of the fight of good versus evil and turns it into something a lesson in self discovery and acceptance of the darkness that lives inside all human beings This is a story about the fascination with knowledge and the temptation of power and dangers of presuming too much and upsetting the natural balance It is a story about getting to know your own self including the darkest corners of your soul And the resulting epic battle of good versus evil well let me tell you that the resolution was brilliant and poetic and I did not see it coming AT ALL “He knew now and the knowledge was hard that his task had never been to undo what he had done but to finish what he had begun” Ursula Le Guin takes the elements that would be a dangerous set up for fail in the hands of most other writers and somehow unexpectedly turns them into the strengths of this book Take the characters except for Ged they exist only as sketches to support the ideas in this story; it's not supposed to ever work but it does She brushes over the years of Ged's life and training in just a few words not detailing the tedium as many writers are prone to doing Her worldbuilding is not very detailed but manages to capture the essence of this world in a few brush pen typewriter strokes We know Ged is in no danger as from the beginning the book refers to his subseuent adventures as a great mage but this seeming lack of danger for the protagonist does not diminish neither the suspense nor the enjoyment of the story My one criticism goes to the some symbolism overkill I passionately hated all the high school teachers' neverending discussions about symbolism yawn but hey even Le Guin can't be always perfect Wonderful mesmerizing read that fully deserves 45 stars Loved it dearly and highly recommend Do you ever re read books that your long ago self loved? Do they stand up to time?This one definitely does I know it doesn't need another five star review from anyone but if you are looking for a book to introduce a youngster to fantast this is an excellent one It has stood the test of time very well The language is lovely the challenges our young magic user must meet are solid ones and while it hints of adventures to come it stands very well on its ownRecommended This what A Wizard of Earthsea taught me To know a thing's true name is to know its nature Don't fuck with dragons unless you know their true names Summoning the spirits of the dead is a bad idea especially on a schoolboy dare Truly changing your form is dangerous because you can become lost in the aspect you assume If you find yourself hunted turn it around and become the hunter Above all else know yourselfI don't know how I acuired this particular copy of A Wizard of Earthsea It's an old 1977 reprint that is aside from its yellowing pages in remarkably good condition for something that in its day cost 150 in Canada or 50 p in the UK It bears no evidence of a previous owner be that person library or used bookstore Perhaps someone gave it to me However I got it I remember that I read A Wizard of Earthsea for a second time through this copy I read it mostly in the backseat of my mom's van and then in a hair salon while waiting for her to get her hair done So this book is firmly ensconced in my mind as a book I read when I was younger and I associate it with my childhood even though I suspect I was probably in my early teensWhen I first came upon China Miéville a few years ago I was an adult and approached his books with an adult's ideas about fantasy I've only ever known Miéville's works through the eyes of adulthood and that is something outside of my control but it definitely affects how I view his works In contrast Ursula K Le Guin has been with me my entire life stalking me if you will Curiously enough her books have never played the formative role in my reading especially my fantasy reading that others like The Belgariad A Song of Ice and Fire or Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy have done I don't have a pithy story about reading a Le Guin book as a child or adolescent that then opened my eyes and inspired me to read fantasy So it's all the intriguing that I distinctly remember Le Guin being in my life ever since childhood I don't remember when I first read one of her books only that I did And when I pick up A Wizard of Earthsea I'm connected to my childhood to that memory of this particular copy as well as to memories of reading fantasy in general This is a gateway book and that's why it means so much to meIf you don't have this type of connection to Le Guin or to A Wizard of Earthsea I can understand how easy it is to dismiss this book as a 2 or 3 star endeavour It's a condensed story with a small cast of characters who aren't necessarily the most intriguing bunch you'll ever meet There's a lot of narration and exposition covering most of Ged's childhood and adolescent years It's not exactly the big budget epic type of fantasy story that is so popular now Nor is Ged your typical fantasy farm boy Called to be the Chosen One He's a wizard of no small talent who because he's a cocky adolescent boy screws up and spends no small part of his adult life attempting to rectify the mistakeThere's a lot of darkness in this book It reminds me this time around of Arthurian legends well meaning valorous people struggling against their darker selves and sometimes losing Even the Knights of the Round Table had the advantage of knowing they were heroes though—Ged is not a hero; he's just this guy you know? He's not preternaturally gifted with good sense so like any inexperienced adolescent he makes bad decisions and is full of flaws He ditches his master on Gont Ogion to go learn wizardry at Roke because he's eager to learn real magic He feels like Ogion is holding him back we readers of course recognize that Ogion is the wise sensei who teaches his student the value of wisdom and work first At Roke Ged allows himself to be manipulated into magical pissing contests by his rival Jasper The result is the escape of a shadow into the world of Earthsea and its encounter with Ged leaves it with some of his power and a hunger to absorb the rest of his aspect This would be bad for Ged and for the world But A Wizard for Earthsea shares with Arthurian legend that underlying motif of temptation and the sin of pride people and magic continually tempt Ged and his successes are measured in the varying degrees by which he overcomes and rejects those temptations Sometimes he fails miserably resulting in the unleashing of a gebbeth into the world Other times he succeeds admirably such as in the case of the dragon YevaudGed's encounter with the dragon of Pendor is nominally what turns him into a legendary dragonlord He manages to learn the dragon's true name and with it he wrangles from the dragon a promise never to fly to the Archipelago The safety of the islands of Earthsea thus secure he departs Pendor to resume his life and his apparently eternal flight from the gebbethGed's confrontation with Yevaud is right out of the classical man versus beast battle of wits canon What stuck with me for the rest of the book however was how Ged deals with Yevaud's brood He ruthlessly does battle with these dragonspawn killing six of them Dragons in Le Guin's Earthsea are predators but intelligent ones their speech is the same Old Speech from which Earthsea wizards draw power So I can't help but feel that in slaying these creatures Ged is wreaking destruction on a much larger scale He's destroying something uniue and wonderful even if it is dangerous to humans And Ged is rather cavalier about it he goes to Pendor because he's decided to leave the town he was protecting from possible dragon attacks and before he goes he wants to ensure the town will be safe This is his first act of major wizardry as a full fledged wizard and it is interesting that it is one of destruction even if it benefits those he swore to protectAfter his encounter with Yevaud Ged bums around Earthsea for a little while faces another great trial and almost doesn't survive Fortunately he finds his way back to Ogion who sets him straight and gives him the best possible adviceIf you go ahead if you keep running wherever you turn you will meet danger and evil for it drives you it chooses the way you go You must choose You must seek what seeks you You must hunt the hunterIf you read A Wizard of Earthsea as a straight fantasy story about good versus evil and wizards and dragons you will probably be disappointed Read this way it's a good book but it isn't great It's too brief to be a satisfying epic meal The strength of Wizard of Earthsea is neither its style nor its substance but its subtext This book embodies literary fiction a lot better than much of what gets marketed under that term today The cover of my edition aside from its regrettable whitewashing of the characters seems to support the idea that this is a children's book The brief description on the back of the book continues this illusion A tale of wizards dragons and terrifying shadows in which the young wizard Sparrowhawk strives to destroy the evil shadow beast he has let loose on the world This description does not do the book justice nor do I think calling A Wizard of Earthsea a children's book does any favours for the book or for children This is not a children's book any than other books that children or adults might read are adult books This is a book a book for children and for adults and frankly one that people should read early and oftenI read A Wizard of Earthsea as a child again as an adolescent and now I've read it as an adult Each time I've read it slightly differently and it has told me different things; my opinions of Le Guin and her works have changed as my perspective changes from childhood to adulthood For me A Wizard of Earthsea is memorable and magical because of what it teaches through its story It deserves five stars because for a fantastic tale at a slim 200 pages this book seems to contain an inordinate amount of truthMy Reviews of the Earthsea seriesThe Tombs of Atuan → A Wizard of Earthsea by Ursula K Le Guin is a beautiful fantasy First published in 1968 it has clearly influenced many fantasy novels since Orson Scott Card with his 1980s era Alvin Maker series stated that he wanted to make an American fantasy and escape or at least distinguish his work from the inherently English Tolkien sub genre of fantasies This is not uite such a departure from the Tolkienesue fantasies but a difference can be seen and enjoyed Another Goodreads reviewer made the observation that the Harry Potter series has been wildly successful while Earthsea has achieved only a cult following and peer respect I can wholly agree with this finding and think it too bad that so many young readers have not discovered this gem of the genre My admiration for Le Guin continues to grow she is an amazing writer 2018 Re readSecond time around I was not as entranced by the story itself but still amazed and inspired by her timelessness her forward vision and for what this book has meant to the genreI wondered again about the influence this may have had over JK Rowling perhaps has the book itself or just a foundation on our modern fantasy literatureI also compared the long voyage seuences here to the long walk across the glacier in her Hainish book The Left Hand of Darkness and see that a journey tale may be a ubiuitous theme in her writing a metaphor for growth and spiritual evolutionA good book by itself and a wonderful work for fantasy writing as a whole As a reader of Fantasy this book felt like a return home even though I had never read it before The tale of this young wizard and his hardships and coming to terms with his own darkness is one that has been redone again and again from Rowling to Jordan to Goodkind and so far despite adding gobs of length and endless details no one has managed to improve upon itThough she isn't the first to explore the Bildungsroman as Fantasy Mervyn Peake precedes her he was an author who eschewed symbolic magic and so has been duly ignored by most authors and readers in the genre Le Guin's approach is much familiar able comfortably to abide alongside Moorcock Tolkien and CS LewisYet her work has none of the condescension or moralizing that mark the last two nor the wild pulp sentiment of the first Her world unfolds before us calmly and confidently as we might expect from the daughter of noted anthropologistsAs is often the case in her work we get poignant asides on human nature but overall her depiction here is less novel than in for example the Hainish cycle There is something flat in the plot progression and as has been the case with every Le Guin book I have read I found myself longing for her to take things a little further to expand and do something risky Often she seems just on the cusp but rarely takes the stepPart of the flatness is the depiction of the characters who fall victim to the 'show don't tell' problem Again and again we are told of conversations characters had of how they reacted of whether they were clever or unsettling but we never actually see these conversations take place Many times the conversations would not have taken any longer to read than the descriptions of them so why Le Guin chose to leave so much of her story as an outline of action is puzzling and disappointingFundamentally what characters do is not interesting What they do does not differentiate them What is most important is how they do it their emotional response their choice of words the little pauses and moments of doubt At the end of the day the four musketeers are all men in the same uniform with mustaches dueling and warring and seducing women but they each go about these things in such distinct ways that we could never mistake one for the otherThe import of personality is also shown in Greek tragedy where we know what is going to befall the character the plot but we have no idea how they will react when it happens All the tension lies within the character's response not with the various external events that inspire itSo I found it very frustrating that again and again Le Guin didn't let the characters do their own talking and so I often felt estranged from them that I didn't know them or understand their motivations or interrelationships because the fundamental signs were missing As we near the end of the story and is revealed in conversation and interaction but that's the reverse of the ideal once you have established a character we can take some of their actions for granted but it's important in the beginning to let their idiosyncrasies reveal themAs others have pointed out Le Guin covers a lot of ground in a short span and perhaps it was a desire to make things brief and straightforward that caused her to take the words from her characters' mouths but again it seems backwards to me I would rather see a story shortened by taking out specifics and leaving promising implications instead of the other way around A single well written action or turn of phrase can reveal about a character than paragraphs of narrationIn her influential essay on fantasy From Elfland to Poughkeepsie she talks about how Dunsany does not really use dialogue the way other authors do that indeed she finds it difficult to locate any sustained conversations in The King of Elfland's Daughter Perhaps on some level she was trying to imitate his style But while it works brilliantly for him it does not serve her as wellThe main reason for this is that Le Guin is much a modern psychological realist author than Dunsany Her fantasy setting is sensible physical it feels like a different place a world like our world Her characters are inhabitants of that world the product of its cultures and history So when she removes their discourse and means of expression she closes the reader's window onto the character's inner lifeDunsany on the author hand takes a different approach his worlds are dreamlike the worlds of fairy tale His story takes place in the clash between the possible and the impossible the real and the dream His characters are not self contained psychological portraits of individuals but symbols appendages of the dreamland he weaves So it makes sense that they do not express themselves through the dialogue of psychoanalysis but through the instinctual pre knowledge of the dreamerIndeed Le Guin herself in that same essay talks about the danger of imitating Dunsany's style that it is so uniue and his pen a master's so that any attempt to recreate what we has done is bound to end in embarrassing failure Yet she also remarks it's a stage most fantasists seem to go through attempting to produce that sort of natural lovely false archaism She managed to leave that behind but now I wonder whether she didn't simply end up imitating another of Dunsany's stylistic modes without realizing it one just as problematic to a thoroughly modern anthropological writerWhat is most interesting about her story is how small and personal the central conflict is Many authors in fantasy have tried to tackle the conflict of the 'Shadow Self' from Tolkien's Gollum to the twin alter egos of Anderson's The Broken Sword but none have used it as a representation of the internal conflict of the adolescent which must be overcome in order to transition to adulthoodBy so perfectly aligning the symbolic magical conflict in her story with the central theme Le Guin creates a rare example of narrative unity in fantasy Most authors would have made it a subplot of the grand overblown good vs evil story and thus buried its importance beneath a massive conflict that is symbolic only of the fact that books have climaxes Once again I am struck with the notion that modern authors of fantasy epics have added nothing to the genre but details and lengthIf only Le Guin had given her lovely little story the strong characters and interrelationships it deserved it would have been truly transformative As it is it is sweet and thoughtful and sometimes haunting the scenes of stranding on the little island had a particularly unearthly tone and it lays out an intriguing picture of a young Merlin but in the end it felt like an incomplete visionMy List of Suggested Fantasy Books This is old school fantasy at its finest It has all the classic elements It has a young and naïve protagonist who learns the dangers of power; he overcomes his initial stupidity and learns how to wield his power effectively It also has wizards dragons and creatures of great evil It’s a standard fantasy plot delivered in basic way but nonetheless it is still great I think this is because of the plot itself Le Guin drew me in completely and made me reach the ending rather uickly I had to discover how a young mage could defeat a dark and corrupted version of himself one that had left him scarred forever and running in fear A story of growth and magic Ged is your typical protagonist; he is brave honest and good He goes on a journey of self discovery in which he learns the limits and potential of his power He has rather humble origins; he began life as a mere goat herder Through this he learnt how to take care of himself rather than rely on others However he is also very young and rash With his innate magical power also comes the innate arrogance that can only be associated with a wizard He is easily tempted and goaded A fellow apprentice entices him into a magical duel which turns disastrous In the process of working an extremely complex spell aimed at the other wizard the young Ged accidently summons great evil into the world “You thought as a boy that a mage is one who can do anything So I thought once So did we all And the truth is that as a man's real power grows and his knowledge widens ever the way he can follow grows narrower until at last he chooses nothing but does only and wholly what he must do ” He spends the rest of the novel trying to redeem this initial folly and trying to survive the thing that he has actually summoned It is a dark horror and one that only he personally can defeat because he was the one who called it forth This is a harsh lesson for Ged and undoubtedly one that will make him into a much better mage He learns caution and develops wisdom; he learns to listen and take the advice of those who are experienced than himself But importantly he learns not to be so foolish with magic in the future because it could easily lead to his own ruination Magic is most dangerous in this world and it must be handled with care Short and sweet The narrative of this is incredibly bare and simple surprisingly so The author doesn’t dwell on things as she is constantly pushing the story forward The prose is basic and unembellished but at the same time it is delivered perfectly She tempts you to reach the end and see the worthy resolution with your own eyes The ending is also delivered in a uick and frank manner which completely reflects her storytelling in general This book could have uite easily been four times the length But Le Guin’s style is uick and sharp She doesn’t mess about with her characters They’re there to be seen rather than described This is a style rarely found in fantasy and most of the time it doesn’t work that well but in this can Le Guin does in masterfully She gives you just enough to add depth and in the process she doesn’t waste a single word or drag you on a long and tireless journey I don’t think many authors could uite achieve this balance in the genre I can’t believe that I’ve only just read this Le Guin is clearly a major voice in the fantasy genre yet her existence is uite new to me When reading this I noticed many ideas that I’ve seen several times before in fantasy yet I never really considered with whom these ideas originated Indeed Le Guin created the first school of magic It is vast and excellent but largely underrepresented in the story Pat Rothfuss and JK Rowling took this idea and actually made it better in their novels because it is the centre point of their worlds Le Guin however uses the entire world of Earth Sea to tell her story I think because of this I have a clearer mental image of her world when compared to other fantasy universes One thing is for sure this won’t be the last Le Guin book I read Earthsea Cycle1 A Wizard of Earthsea Four worthy stars 2 The Tombs of Atuan A redeeming four stars3 The Farthest Shore A strong four stars ”The hunger of a dragon is slow to wake but hard to sate” The Folio Society edition is superbly illustrated by David LuptonThe boy is born on the island of Gont in the archipelago of Earthsea This is a world infused with magic Not everyone can control this magic but those who know the right words and have a wizard soul can learn to utilize the power of the Earth to manipulate objects and events The boy’s name is Duny; I can tell you that name because the name has no power over him His true name is something he can only reveal to those he trusts absolutely beyond uestionI know his true name but fair reader I’m not sure yet that I can share it with you His aunt knows a few things a handful of words that can be used to bind things or call animals to her Duny is particularly adept at calling falcons and other birds of prey His agile mind soon surpasses what his aunt can teach him He burns to know He is assigned to a mage Ogion who tries to teach him about the balance of magic with the Earth There is always a cost for using magic Understanding the levy for sorcery is the difference between being just impulsively talented and being wise about what you know ”You must not change one thing one pebble one grain of sand until you know what good and evil will follow on that act The world is in balance in Euilibrium A wizard’s power of Changing and of Summoning can shake the balance of the world It is dangerous that power It is most perilous It must follow knowledge and serve need To light a candle is to cast a shadow”If the flap of a butterfly wing in the can cause a hurricane in Florida imagine what a wizard can do with power over the weather It is kind of funny but there is this one scene where wizards on different islands use spells to keep the clouds from raining on them This storm bounces between them like a boiling stew pot Now a wizard like Ogion finds shelter under a tree and waits for the rain to stop To Sparrowhawk this type of restraint is ridiculous If you have the power why not use it? Duny is Sparrowhawk and you might think that is his real name but just because you’ve read a few paragraphs of this review doesn’t mean you’ve endeared yourself to me enough to tell you his real name Sparrowhawk will suffice for now Sparrowhawk becomes impatient with the restrained magic that Ogion teaches so he is sent to magic school on the Island of Roke There was a magic school in literature before Hogwarts? Indeed there was The first time he goes to the dining hall to eat there is only one table The table in a very Hogwarts’ fashion expands to fit as many people who enter to eat Sparrowhawk is soon recognized as one of the most gifted students Spells and the names of things flow into his mind like lava changing the landscape of his brain into something completely different He becomes powerfulHe becomes arrogantHe becomes vengeful on those who don’t appreciate his power In a moment of hubris he summons a dead woman from the distant past and in the process opens a rift that nearly kills him It does kill the old mage who helps him close it Something came through Sparrowhawk is burned in mind body and spirit He is guilty of a death The shame and self condemnation weigh heavily on him He may become the great wizard he was intended to be but the road will be much longer now The shadow from another world that pursues him becomes the devil on his heels for the rest of the novel This chase from island to island reminded me of Frankenstein and his pursuit of his monster to the North Pole The interesting thing about this novel is that Ursula K Le Guin’s publisher came to her and asked her to write a book for older kids Young Adult wasn’t even a term yet in the late 1960s She wasn’t sure she wanted to write such a book but she was nagged by the idea of where do great wizards come from? We normally meet them when they are old sages in the vein of a Merlin or a Gandalf She wanted G erhhh Sparrowhawk to be seen as human fallible than how most wizards had been presented before I liked the emphasis she puts on the importance of words in this novel and the power and magic that resides in knowing the names of things I had trepidations about reading this book I was reassured that I was in the capable hands of a writer I’ve enjoyed before I have a bit of a knee jerk reaction to the term Young Adult because I’m not a Young Adult I’m an old fuddy duddy who has a hard time watching commercials on TV geared towards youth I certainly wince at the idea of spending hours trapped in a book intended for a younger audience I’m somewhat alarmed at the number of ADULTS who read nothing but Young Adult The evolution of a reader is for that person to move from picture books then ride the escalator to Young Adult and eventually find the elevator that will take them onwards and upwards to adult literature I’m still pondering this Is it an extended childhood? Why would someone always want to read about children or teenagers? Am I generationally challenged on this issue? I am happy that people are reading and ultimately it is better that they read anything rather than nothing at all but I do think that the you read there should be some evolution in what you choose to read I’m such an eclectic reader that it is difficult for me to understood people being so genre specific with their reading choices Young Adult now dominates the publishing world Writers are being encouraged to make changes to their novels so they can be marketed as YA If I weren’t worried about this trend it would be fascinating There are dragon battles alluring women who try to seduce Gd to their own uses There are friendships made and lost; there are painful realizations and there is growth and acceptance of our own limitations Most importantly there is a wizard as wise and as powerful as Gandolf or Merlin who emerges like a Phoenix from the flames of his own childish conceit His name is Ged but you must only whisper it or better yet refer to him as Sparrowhawk and keep in the locked box at the center of your heart who he really is ”He hunted he followed and fear ran before him”If you wish to see of my most recent book and movie reviews visit also have a Facebook blogger page at Ged the greatest sorcerer in all Earthsea was called Sparrowhawk in his reckless youth Hungry for power and knowledge Sparrowhawk tampered with long held secrets and loosed a terrible shadow upon the world This is the tale of his testing how he mastered the mighty words of power tamed an ancient dragon and crossed death's threshold to restore the balance

About the Author: Ursula K. Le Guin

Ursula K Le Guin published twenty two novels eleven volumes of short stories four collections of essays twelve books for children six volumes of poetry and four of translation and has received many awards Hugo Nebula National Book Award PEN Malamud etc Her recent publications include the novel Lavinia an essay collection Cheek by Jowl and The Wild Girls She lived in Portland Orego

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