Up from Slavery eBook ð Up from MOBI :↠
I enjoyed the first half quite a bit, the latter half much less I am rating the book, not the man, and my rating only expresses how I personally reacted to the book! I am of the 21st century This is an autobiography and it is published long ago in 1900! Booker T Washington lived from 18561915 He was born a slave on a plantation in Franklin County, Virginia The exact year of his birth is not known Some say 1856; he guesses maybe 1858 or 1859 Neither can we identify his father; the guess is he was white During the Reconstruction Booker was still a youth He worked at a corn mill and later in a coal mine, got himself educated at Hampton Institute, became a teacher, an author, an orator particularly famed for his 1895 Atlanta Exposition speech and even met with President McKinley He founded the Tuskegee Institute, a black college in Alabama He received a Master of Arts Honorary Degree from Harvard in 1896 Clearly this is a man worth acclaim and a man of which it is interesting to learn a bit about It was the description of his life as a slave and the first years following the Declaration of Emancipation that captivated me The small details, like not knowing where to sleep when given two sheets, like picking a surname, like never sitting down to a meal or how it feels to wear a flax shirt Getting an education at Hampton Institute was quite an ordeal, but he was determined I was rooting for him Much of this book is devoted to Booker’s philosophizing I admire the man and his moral fortitude I admire the importance he lays on selfreliance I agree with his belief in the dignity of physical labor I agree that education must be accomplished through use of one's hands, head and heart I agree that those who are happiest do the most for others I agree thatcan be achieved through praise than through criticism I do think he had a knack for saying things elegantly However, as Booker works toward establishing the Tuskegee Institute he has to convince others to donate, to contribute funds He did in fact get money from Andrew Carnegie He had the strong belief that given the facts, benefactors would contribute to the cause The book begins to sound like a promotional sales pitch, and he repeats the same moral dicta over and over and over again I do agree with much of what he says, but it became a preachy, repetitive rant and so exaggeratedly optimistic (He states the KKK had disappeared!) Maybe in 1900 people could still be optimistic? I don’t know Anyhow, at book’s end I was totally fed up! Was the latter half of the book written for the purpose of impressing others of his accomplishments and sodonations?!The audiobook is narrated by Noah Waterman The recording sound sometimes echoes and changes volume, but I could understand the spoken words Neither bad, nor spectacular. Booker T Washington, the most recognized national leader, orator and educator, emerged from slavery in the deep south, to work for the betterment of African Americans in the post Reconstruction period Up From Slavery is an autobiography of Booker T Washington's life and work, which has been the source of inspiration for all Americans Washington reveals his inner most thoughts as he transitions from exslave to teacher and founder of one of the most important schools for African Americans in the south, The Tuskegee Industrial Institute [KINDLE] ✿ Dr. Seuss Pocket Library 6 mini flip-the-flap books By Dr. Seuss – Lavons.co.uk the most recognized national leader ❮Download❯ ➵ Experimental Psychology Author Hardeep Kaur Shergill – Lavons.co.uk orator and educator ✎ گزارش به نسل بی سن فردا pdf ✐ Author Reza Baraheni – Lavons.co.uk emerged from slavery in the deep south ❮Read❯ ➪ Coral and Pearl Author Mara Rutherford – Lavons.co.uk to work for the betterment of African Americans in the post Reconstruction period Up From Slavery is an autobiography of Booker T Washington's life and work ❮PDF / Epub❯ ☃ Jessies Mountain Author Kerry Madden – Lavons.co.uk which has been the source of inspiration for all Americans Washington reveals his inner most thoughts as he transitions from exslave to teacher and founder of one of the most important schools for African Americans in the south [Read] ➵ Hollywood Renaissance Author Diane Jacobs – Lavons.co.uk The Tuskegee Industrial Institute While I admired Booker T Washington’s ability to see the world so optimistically in his autobiography “Up from Slavery”, it would be a lie to say that I was so greatly impressed by Washington’s story that I would recommend its placement on school reading lists Considering the plethora of fascinating slave narratives out there, being reprinted and regaining popularity thanks to awardwinning films like “Django Unchained” and “12 Years a Slave”, Washington’s memoir about his financial and political struggles during the foundation of his famous Tuskegee Institute seems almost tepid in comparison.My technical criticism with the book is that it is rather dry and slowpaced and lacking in indepth introspection Washington spends only the first few chapters talking about his childhood spent as a slave in Virginia, his adolescence during and after the Civil War, and the Reconstruction years in which he attended Hampton University, which was then called the Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute I found these chapters to be enlightening and uplifting, although I would have liked to have seen .The remainder of the book, unfortunately, readslike a business manual than an autobiography, with Washington writing about the finer points of fundraising and political dealmaking He is also a chronic namedropper, quick to point out and praise the many (white) donors and patrons who helped to fund his Tuskegee Institute Certain parts of the book seem devoted solely to listing names of donors Other parts of the book are, inexplicably, devoted to selfaggrandizing excerpts from various newspaper and magazine articles It strikes me as being strangely narcissistic, a strong disconnect from Washington’s public persona of a softspoken, humble man.He also seems to haveinterest and pleasure in talking about money and the minutiae of starting a college than he does in anything personal Indeed, his entire marriage to his first wife, Fannie Smith, is given only two paragraphs in the book Granted, it was a short marriagethey were wedded in 1882, and she passed away in 1884and their union produced a daughter, Portia This is literally the extent of the information he relates about his first marriage After having read “Up From Slavery”, I still don’t have a strong impression of the man’s emotional and spiritual side His narrative has an acute dearth of personality Don’t get me wrong: Washington’s story is an inspirational one It is hard not to be inspired by the story of a young black man born a slave in 1856 and becoming the most vocal and prominent member of the black community until his death in 1915.And yet, controversy regarding some aspects of his philosophy on racial relations in the U.S had a divisive effect within the black community, one that is still felt today.There is no question that Washington was one of the most influential and important black men of his time “Up From Slavery” was a nationwide bestseller, in both the North and the South Blacks and whites alike found inspiration and hope forpositive race relations in the future in his words It’s easy to see why.Washington seems to subscribe to the philosophy of letting bygones be bygones, especially in regards to the treatment of black people by whites under slavery He believed in a philosophy of appeasement when it came to whites, a philosophy not shared by a contingent of the black community.In his most famous speechand, arguably, one of the most important speeches in American history, according to some historiansduring the Atlanta Exposition of 1895, Washington set the stage for the Atlanta Compromise, an agreement later negotiated between black and white community leaders in the South that would give blacks basic education and due process rights under the law as long as blacks agreed to work quietly, accept segregation, and not push for social equality.Washington, in the speech, said, “The wisest among my race understand that the agitation of questions of social equality is the extremest folly, and the progress in the enjoyment of all the privileges that will come to us must be the result of severe and constant struggle rather than of artificial forcing No race that has anything to contribute to the markets of the world is long in any degree ostracized It is important and right that all privileges of the law be ours, but it is vastlyimportant that we be prepared for the exercises of these privileges The opportunity to earn a dollar in a factory just now is worth infinitelythan the opportunity to spend a dollar in an operahouse (p.223)”While many black people at the time couldn’t fault the logic of Washington’s words, many critics felt that his speech was a winwin for white supremacists and led to the cruelty of Jim Crow laws.In essence, critics argued, Washington was telling black people to work hard, start at the bottom, don’t get too uppity, and one day white people may treat you with some semblance of respect This meritocratic mindsetwork hard and you will achieve successwasn’t realistic for black people, critics argued, especially when the system was rigged: White people had the advantages, and they weren’t going to give them up willingly.Clearly, Washington’s views were antithetical to the subsequent militant views propounded by Marcus Garvey and Malcolm X Washington probably would not have even agreed with affirmative action, as it went against his view that black people must help themselves and not rely on any special accommodations from white people.Yet, I can’t help but think that Washington was wiser than many critics allow Certainly, some of his views may have been flawed and/or did not factor in the possibility that many powerful whites wanted to see black people fail for no reason other than the fact that they were racist white supremacists Regardless, Washington’s approach may have been the best approach for the time Tensions ran high so soon after the Civil War Blacks and whites alike were confused and frightened Washington’s focus on education and selfhelp for the black community was definitely a useful approach Washington knew, too (possibly from personal experience), that taking an antagonistic approach to the whitedominated society at the time was akin to David facing a Goliath while blindfolded and possessing no weapons Better to ingratiate one’s self with Goliath while secretly building up an arsenal.Despite its flaws, “Up From Slavery” is still an important book I still wouldn’t campaign for its placement on school reading lists, especially next tolively and entertaining reads such as Frederick Douglas’s autobiography, but its definitely worthy supplementary reading for students of black history and literature. On the one hand, this is a really interesting look at the culture of the South during and just after the period of Reconstruction; on the other hand, however, Washington's view of that culture is certainly affected by his wholehearted endorsement of the American Dream, the Horatio Alger myth, and capitalism While it's important to acknowledge the value of hard work and perseverance and while Washington himself did a great deal of good for African Americans, working for years to develop the Tuskegee Institute and working behind the scenes to help individual African Americans, his attitude that anyone who works hard can succeed and his refusal to truly acknowledge the really very serious racial problems the U.S still faced (lynching, Jim Crow laws, etc.) makes his argument about hard work and cleanliness (yes, cleanlinesshe goes on and on about the importance of brushing one's teeth, bathing regularly, learning table manners, and becoming accustomed to sleeping between the sheets) difficult to accept. Booker T Washington’s autobiography pretty much disgusted me I use such a strong word here because I was disturbed so many times throughout the read I just can’t bring myself to feel anything other than pure disgust as a result of reading what he referred to as his ‘autobiography’ This was less of an autobiography andof a documentation that served two purposes:1.) To describe how he created the Tuskegee Institute2.) To thank all of the white folks who assisted in the above referenced effortI went back and forth on what to say in this review because I do not want it to be mistaken that I do not appreciate Mr Washington or his efforts I still admire the monumental things he did for his people in response to his passion for education I clearly recognize the efforts of, and hold sincere appreciation for, Booker T Washington as a pioneer in my history as well as American history as a whole But the book rubbed me in all the wrong ways Here we have a man who was born into the institution of slavery Here we have a man who was born nameless, was denied an education for most of his life and who was discriminated against tremendously because he was black And then he comes up with this autobiography where he pretty much sweeps the impacts of slavery and the aftermaths of slavery under the rug as if it wasn’t that bad He comes up with a whole book praising certain white individuals for teaching him basic things like how to be clean, how to sweep a floor and how to survive GIVE ME A BREAK! You cannot convince me that you were born into slavery on a plantation with your birth mother, who was also a slave, and hundreds of other slaves, but you weren’t exposed to or didn’t learn to appreciate hard work, cleanliness and survival until you were free and ran into a white person who just so happened to let their guard down and let you in That really disturbs me to my core At no point in this book does he give credit to his mother for hard work and survival He never highlights anything done or said by fellow slaves that encouraged him He jumps straight into praise of white folks at the beginning all the way to the end of this book Which leads to my suspicions that the intention of, and motivation for, this book had very little, if anything , to do with highlighting his life story I am solid in my belief that the motivation for this book was to either securefunding for the University or to gain additional recognition for his contributions to it Almost like a literary pat on his own back Either way, it’s disturbing Additionally, Mr Washington continually made mockeries of his fellow black brothers and sisters and former slaves Almost like he looked down on them and thought he was better than them This was equally disturbing Those are my two cents But I do want to mention, again, that my comments are in reference to the book and do not mirror how I feel about Mr Washington or his efforts and accolades I do find it admirable that he did so much with this life after slavery I do appreciate the role he played in bringing education to the South for former slaves I admire his dedication to his cause But I strongly disliked most of his book. This second ghostwritten autobiography of Booker T Washington presents the carefully crafted public persona that he wanted Beneath the mask of a humble, saintly,acetic and patient Negro is a powerhungry, selfaggrandizing man Washington played his cards close to the vest and was sure that he never offended white people from the North or the South He curried favor with captains of industry such as Andrew Carnegie and Roger Baldwin who eventually set him up for life Nevertheless, Washington created an enduring black institution that still existsTuskegee University; he also created an ideology of selfhelp that was adopted by both Marcus Garvey and Elijah Muhammad.When Paul Laurence Dunbar wrote the poem, We Wear the Mask, he must have had Washington in mind because to this day no one knows who the real Booker T Washington was: clever manipulator, servile Uncle Tom, or Wizard of Tuskegee Even Ralph Ellsion alludes to Washington and Tuskegee in his magnum opus, Invisible Man Love him or loathe him, Booker T Washington was one of the most important African Americans of the 20th Century And his autobiography is must reading One should read DuBois's The Souls of Black Folk for contrast. I think Up From Slavery is one of the most amazing autobiographies ever written Booker T Washington's autobiography was essential to creating the New Negro, the Black American who emerged today I think Up From Slavery is a humorous and motivational work of strength, determination and perseverance. Booker T Washington was a very admirable figure, but his book is pretty dull Besides, his silences about major issues, such as racial segregation, forced disenfranchisment, violence against black people (lynchings), and violent racial uprisings in the south at this time, are, I think, loud silences which beg the question of who his audience is intended to be Rather than as an honest autobiography, I read this book as an overt plea to the upper class whites, for funding for his school It wasof a this is what I've been through, this is what I've achieved, this is why you should donate money to this cause Hardly any personal information (i.e., thoughts, feelings, fears, friendships, etc.), almost no anger The narrative was altogether very stiff and forced. No matter how modestly this man tries to tell his story, the facts of his life shine with the luster of greatness Booker T Washington spent his early childhood as a slave on a plantation in the south After the Emancipation Proclamation was read from the porch steps of the “Big House,” Booker’s ambitions to gain an education and make something of himself propelled him through every obstacle to his goal Booker T Washington was a tireless promoter of education for his race and of Tuskegee, the school for blacks which he founded in Alabama He spent his entire adult life in these two causes and made great strides in elevating the sights and prospects of his people I had never really considered what it must have taken to raise the mindset of an enslaved people once they had freedom While the human soul craves liberty, it does not automatically know how to use that liberty to the highest ends Booker T Washington’s approach to education of exslaves was comprehensive He wanted to teach them everything about how to live civilized, useful lives of service and industry Along with book learning, he taught them use a toothbrush, to sleep between the sheets of a bed, to bathe daily, to keep their clothing clean and mended, to love labor and avoid indolence, to learn marketable lifeskills such as carpentry and brickmaking, to acquire property, to vote sensibly, to worship and pray to God, and to live moral lives I found my admiration for Booker T Washington growing with the turn of every page He was practical, thrifty, energetic, articulate, earnest, hardworking, selfless, diplomatic, always hopeful and optimistic He was also a soughtafter public speaker with an ability to sway many to his cause and bring an audience into complete accord with him I wish I could have heard him speak in person, but I’m grateful that I had a chance to hear his voice through this welltold story of his own inspiring life. Booker T Washington is officially added to my list of favorite people His positive and nonjudgmental attitude is exemplary in so many ways His way of stepping back, seeing a situation for what it really is, unprejudiced by pride or excessive passion, is truly amazing His insights are so valuable that I think this book should be required reading for everyone.Washington was born a slave, and was about 8 years old when Emancipation came Life was little better afterwards, though, for a while He still had to work hard all day, and his living conditions were similar to what they had before With freedom comes responsibility as well as opportunity His tireless efforts to get an education are just amazing, along with the people who helped him along they way He never expected to receive something for nothing, but he worked hard to make sure he merited the very best of opportunities One of my favorite stories is his college entrance exam He had traveled to the Hampton Institute (some 500 miles away from his home) on foot mostly, sleeping in the street and eating next to nothing He showed up looking like a loafer or tramp, and was not immediately admitted Washington was determined to impress [Miss Mary F Mackie, the head teacher] in all the ways [he] could with [his] worthiness Finally, Miss Mackie asked him to sweep a recitation room, and Washington knew instantly that here was his chance to prove his merit, his work ethic, and his eagerness to be admitted to the school.I swept the recitationroom three times Than I got a dustingcloth and I dusted it four times All the woodwork around the walls, every bench, table, and desk, I went over four times with my dusting cloth Besides, every piece of furniture had been moved and every closet and corner in the room had been thoroughly cleaned I had the feeling that in a large measure my future depended upon the impression I made upon the teacher in the cleaning of that room.His cleaning job so impressed Miss Mackie that he was admitted to the college, and offered a job as the school janitor which he was very happy to accept so that he might earn a little money to help with expenses Washington says that Miss Mackie proved to be one of my strongest and most helpful friends.After college, he taught school in his hometown, he taught at the Hampton Institute, and finally he was asked to start a college in Alabama, which he calls his life's work He also became the most famous orator for race relations in the United States at the time What he accomplished was simply amazing, and his work ethic is inspiring One certainly feels that a man (or woman) can accomplish great things if they are willing to work hard and put up with the dirt and hardships that come with the job I'll end with a quote:I believe that any man's life will be filled with constant, unexpected encouragementsif he makes up his mind to do his level best each day of his life that is, tries to make each day reach as nearly as possible the highwater mark of pure, unselfish, useful living I pity the man, black or white, who has never experienced the joy and satisfaction that come to one by reason of an effort to assist in making some one elseuseful andhappy.